A lesson about how digital technology has stirred our imagination and enabled us to create new realities. At the same time we need to be sceptical about the merits of an all-encompassing digital lifestyle.
This lesson is inspired by the concept of transformation. It deals with how technology has changed the way we communicate and transfer knowledge and how the ‘digital’ has created new encounters that seem real, but sometimes are able to deceive and seduce our senses.
The objective of this lesson is to reflect on the concept of ‘transformation’. Whether in the world of art or of technology, imagining a ‘transformation’ lies at the very heart of a creative process that can lead to a new invention. The introduction of digital technology offers us the possibility of transforming any entity into a malleable, transportable, and easy to decipher series of zeros and ones. But the appeal of such affordances should be considered carefully. Especially in a scholarly environment such as academic history, where source criticism is a basic requirement for building sound arguments, we need to know how credible and truthful sources are that are published online.
clip Galileo Galilei,
clip Leonardo Da Vinci, clip Montgolfier brothers clip Claude Shannon
Table with comparisons
article about history of applying principle
Complete table with overview
Trevor Owens’ article, “Digital Sources & Digital Archives: The Evidentiary Basis of Digital History”. Text Encoding Initiative.
clip metamorphosis caterpillar butterfly - driving force ? clip plastic surgery - driving force ? clip virtual reality - driving force ?
Podcast Byatt - about transformation and Ovidius https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5PbTOMQm1k
short read, count transformations
look up paintings that cover the various transformations, document in table
clip about second life, virtual reality reflect on technology
In this assignment you are challenged to trace the origin of the images that have been re-used in this clip. They have been copied and pasted in a new context. This is possible because of technologies that allow to ‘transform’ an image. There are also technologies that allow to retrieve images. These have been used to collect the material for the clip, and you are going to use them, to trace the origin of the material, not on the basis of text retrieval, the usual way to use search engines, but on the basis of image retrieval, a technique that is rapidly improving.
(What is a print screen? What happens in your computer? - explain throgh clip? )
Explain various functions
But before uploading your print screens, watch this TED lecture about image retrieval; [add link ]
Now upload your image, and also drag it to the first column of the table Assess the results of the image retrieval. What is the most likely source from which the image has been taken? Add the links to the table What can you say about the resemblances?
Now you are going to trace information about how the structure of the information on your screen is determined by code: If you have a Windows computer go to: If you have a MAC computer go to:
Explanation of various functions:
Now we go back to the front end,
Choose one or two of the sources and try to trace what the function is of the image (part of database that is offered online, illustration of an article, advertising, education) Try to trace when it has been published online? Explain what you did to trace it
Conduct research on the origin of the image, or the object that has been photographed or drawn, what is the analogue context of this image?
How does the technique work: Material, technique of reproduction,
Is the image freely available on the web? Do you have to pay for it? To whom and why? What are the rights of this institution, company or person?
Now watch this video clip about the origin of copyright Add link - everything is a remix
[we need table here]